Things You Need To Know About Tax Returns In Australia 2021

October 27, 2021    Accounting Services Perthwa

Australia is a nation that provides some of the best workings and studying opportunities to many individuals across the globe. But when it comes to taxes and tax returns, the country takes it pretty seriously. The ATO or Australian Taxation Office is responsible for taking care of all the tax-related within the country.

Apart from that, taxes are collected and administered by the state government offices as well. But individuals file for their tax return with the ATO, and all the businesses can save a lot of funds by promptly paying the correct amount. 

Paying within the tax return deadline will also allow them to take full advantage of the tax concessions to which they are entitled.

What Exactly Is A Tax Return?

The tax return is a type of form, which all individuals have to complete within the online platform. They can get it done by themselves or hire a professional tax accountant to get the work done. The form tells how much money one can earn and whether or not he/she will claim any type of deduction.

The information regarding trust tax return is used by ATO to check if the individual paid the tax and whether they need to pay the medical or surcharge or receive any tax offset. 

If an individual pays more tax than the required amount, the ATO will make sure to refund the extra money to them. But they fail to pay the actual money, and they will receive a tax bill. 

Types Of Taxes Available 

When an individual is interested in learning how the tax return work in Australia, it’s crucial to understand the type of taxes available within this particular country. To know what these taxes are, please check the information below.


The Company Tax

An Australian resident firm is subjected to company tax at a rate set out by the Government of Australia. But a non-resident firm gets taxed through its Australian source of income. 

But the tax rate for non-resident companies is the same as the resident ones. 

The tax rate and the taxable income will differ significantly under limited circumstances, such as business and industry structure. 


Capital Gain Tax

Under the income tax return services, individuals will also encounter the capital gain tax. CGT or Capital Gain Tax gets applied towards a capital gain, which is made through the disposal of assets. 

It gets paid out as part of the income tax. Overseas entities will likely become subject to CGT on the assets used and required in operating a business within the Australian soil. 

Businesses also have to keep records when they acquire assets, which might become subject to CGT in the coming future.


Payroll Tax

Payroll tax stands out as state tax on the wages, which gets reimbursed to the employees. It gets calculated according to the amount, which gets paid every month. If the amount goes way beyond the exemption threshold within a relevant territory or state, it should be paid in Australian wages. This exemption threshold for payroll tax rate varies between the territories and the states. 


Goods And Service Tax

The GST or Goods And Service Tax stands out as a broad-based consumer and national tax on the services and goods consumed and sold on Australian soil. The majority of the businesses have to register themselves for the GST with the ATO or Australian Taxation Office. Businesses that have paid for all the business supplies inclusive to the Goods And Service Tax will be empowered to receive an input tax credit. 


Other Business Taxes

There are many other territory and state business and Australian Government taxes, which might be relevant to serval business activities. These might include items like FBT or Fringe Benefits Tax and land tax. 

Documents Required For The Tax Returns

When it comes to tax returns, individuals have to be pretty organized as it will be a lot easier for them to lodge quickly and effectively. Given below are the documents required for the tax returns. Take a look!

Businesses need to provide the PAYG summary, which their employees supply. 

Tax File Number or TFN, which is available on the payment summary or previous notice of assessment. 

  • The bank account information. ATO doesn’t send refund cheques. All the refunds get directly deposited into the bank account. 
  • Information on additional income like investments and rental income.
  • Statements on private health care and Medicare. 
  • Details of received Centrelink payments. 
  • Information or details on bank account interest.
  • Details on the occupation-specific deduction, which one wants to claim. 
  • Information on other tax offset information.

Individuals must contact a proper tax accountant to learn more about the various documents required for tax returns and receive help in understanding tax returns in a stress-free manner. 

The Deductions Individuals Can Claim 

When individuals complete their tax returns, they get the opportunity to obtain some deduction for their expenses. The majority of the deductions one can claim are the cost incurred to obtain their employment income. 

The ATO has made sure that this information is available in various other languages so that non-English speakers properly understand tax returns. Given below are some of the deductions individuals can claim. Please check below!


Work-Related Expenses

To obtain the work-related expenses, one has to spend the entire amount by themselves, and the expenses should be related directly to their income. They also need to carry a record to prove it when it comes to claiming work expenses. When the expense stands out for private and work purposes, individuals will surely receive a deduction.


Home Office Expenses

During the COVID-19 pandemic, many individuals started to work from home, and there are some home office expenses, which one can claim through income tax returns. They can claim internet and phone expenses, expenses for home office equipment and computer consumables and stationery. 

Ending Note

Tax returns stand out as a responsibility for every individual. One must file them without fail. Otherwise, they might have to face some severe penalties or fines from ATO. 

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